Estudios Latinoamericanos http://estudios-latinoamericanos.pl/index.php/estudios <p>Estudios Latinoamericanos, issued by the Polish Association of Latin American Studies, is the oldest Polish scientific journal publishing material related to the wider history and culture of Latin America. Distributed from 1972 to 1995, it was issued by the Institute of History (PAN).</p> Polskie Towarzystwo Studiów Latynoamerykanistycznych en-US Estudios Latinoamericanos 0137-3080 <p>Copyright by PTSL ©</p> Ceremonial vases from the collection of Museo de Arqueología in Nebaj, El Quiché, Guatemala http://estudios-latinoamericanos.pl/index.php/estudios/article/view/ES_38_1_Krzemien <p>The objective of this article is to present funerary rites of the Ixil Region (west-central Guatemala, in the El Quiché department) with the special emphasis on burials placed in ceramic vessels. This work focuses on analysis of ceremonial ceramics of unknown provenance that come from the collection of the Museum of Archaeology in Nebaj and from private collection. The study involved descriptive analysis of all artefacts as well as documentation with the use of photography and 3D scanning of the artifacts. Thanks to the information gathered during the process of studying the ceremonial ceramics of the Ixil Maya our knowledge about the prehispanic Ixil funerary rites broadened significantly.</p> Magdalena Krzemień Copyright (c) 2019 Estudios Latinoamericanos 2019-09-22 2019-09-22 38 7 25 10.36447/Estudios2018.v38.art1 Three calendrical markers from Cocotitlán, State of Mexico http://estudios-latinoamericanos.pl/index.php/estudios/article/view/ES_38_2_Iwaniszewski <p><span class="TextRun SCXW242164074 BCX0" lang="EN-US" xml:lang="EN-US" data-contrast="none"><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242164074 BCX0">Pecked-cross figures (“Teotihuacan markers”) usually consist of a pair of concentric rings (sometimes replaced by double squares) centered on a pair of orthogonal axes, pecked into the plaster floors of the buildings or carved in rock outcrops in the Classic Period Mesoamerica. The paper examines three newly discovered cross-circle figures in the region of&nbsp;</span><span class="SpellingError SCXW242164074 BCX0">Cocotitlán</span><span class="NormalTextRun SCXW242164074 BCX0">&nbsp;located in the southern part of the Basin of Mexico. The study reveals the potential calendric-astronomical significance of the cups and axes producing those figures.</span></span><span class="EOP SCXW242164074 BCX0" data-ccp-props="{&quot;201341983&quot;:0,&quot;335559739&quot;:160,&quot;335559740&quot;:259}">&nbsp;</span></p> Stanisław Iwaniszewski Copyright (c) 2019 Estudios Latinoamericanos 2019-09-22 2019-09-22 38 27 47 10.36447/Estudios2018.v38.art2 The centipede in the Maya art and culture http://estudios-latinoamericanos.pl/index.php/estudios/article/view/ES_38_3_Ciura <p>Insects and arthropods appear in the Maya art in a rich and diverse context, suggesting their prominent significance in the culture. In the following chapters I present my research concerning the appearance of the centipede, one of the arthropods most commonly represented in the Maya iconography. I studied depictions of the centipede in the art of the Classic Period (250 A.D. - 909 A.D) and compared them with epigraphical and ethnohistorical sources in order to define the specific symbolic meaning of this animal in all contexts of its occurrence. My research focused on the centipede as part of the vision serpent complex, its connections to the Palenque triad, Sun God K’inich Ajaw and Bolon Yokte K’uh. In the conclusion, I try to establish the significance of the centipede as the animal of transition, more specifically the transition between night and day and the Underworld and our world.</p> Monika Ciura Copyright (c) 2019 2019-09-22 2019-09-22 38 49 79 10.36447/Estudios2018.v38.art3 Mixteca genealogies . Dynastic history? Mythology? or cosmology? The case of Lord 8-Deer http://estudios-latinoamericanos.pl/index.php/estudios/article/view/ES_38_4_Lebeuf <p>This essay overviews the interpretations of the narrative of a character called 8-Mazatl from Mixtec codices. While there has been a recent interpretation that tried again to understand this narrative as a historical source, more traditional interpretations linked the narrative to mythological characters and events.</p> <p>This paper explores the possibility of using the mythological interpretations of celestial bodies to link the story to the long scale cycles related with eclipses.</p> Arnold Lebeuf Copyright (c) 2019 2019-09-25 2019-09-25 38 81 89 10.36447/Estudios2018.v38.art4 The Colonial art of Latin America and the Polish researchers– A review of literature http://estudios-latinoamericanos.pl/index.php/estudios/article/view/ES_38_5_Kubiak <p>Colonial art of Latin America has long attracted interest of Polish art historians and art theoreticians.However, despite fascination with exotic forms and aesthetics, this problem rarely appeared in twentiethcenturystudies, mainly due to limitations of research and travel opportunities. Among those interested incolonial art were such famous researchers as Władysław Tatarkiewicz, Zbigniew Hornung or Jan Białostocki. References to the Latin American Baroque were also made in a three-volume work by Mieczysław Porębskiand Ksawery Piwocki titled History of art in outline. Th e list ends with the item published in 1994. Th is isa chapter devised by Przemysław Trzeciak entitled Modern Latin American Architecture. which is a part ofthe seventh volume of the series World Art. Among the mentioned works, those which deserve more detaileddiscussion are works by Jan Białostocki, who was the author of the most extensive texts on colonial art. Hewas also a valued researcher on the other side of the ocean, and his studies, especially those in the fi eld oficonography, infl uenced the elaborations on colonial art and the art of modern Latin America.</p> Ewa Kubiak Copyright (c) 2019 2019-09-25 2019-09-25 38 93 109 10.36447/Estudios2018.v38.art5 Musical instruments and instrumental musicians in the 17th and 18th century cathedrals of New Spain http://estudios-latinoamericanos.pl/index.php/estudios/article/view/ES_38_6_Jurek_Nathan <p>Seventeenth century in European music history is highlighted by a growing relevance of instrumental music: absolute music, music without a literary support. Nonetheless, in spite of the presence of numerous musical instruments in the chapels of New Spain, instrumental music is not showing in their repertoire until the first decades of the Eighteenth century by the work of Manuel de Sumaya and Ignacio Jerusalem y Stella.</p> <p>What was the role of musical instruments among the music chapels of New Spain cathedrals? To what end did church authorities equip the music chapels with expensive and most often imported music instruments? At what point in time did cathedrals see their use of musical instruments strengthened in their repertoire?</p> <p>We can find some answers to these questions within the documents of the time, while some others can be deduced, and yet others remain to be found through the discovery of new information sources.</p> Anna Jurek-Nathan Copyright (c) 2019 2019-09-22 2019-09-22 38 111 123 10.36447/Estudios2018.v38.art6 Abraham Zabludovsky as a representative of brutalism in Mexican architecture http://estudios-latinoamericanos.pl/index.php/estudios/article/view/ES_38_7_Zulawska_Sobczyk <p>Brutalism was a trend that appeared in architecture in response to the International Style, with preference for<br>the aesthetics of machines and clean geometric forms striving for lightness and stylistic purity. Le Corbusier<br>is considered to be the precursor of this style, but its concept was best presented both in theory and practice<br>by Alison and Peter Smithson. Th e idea of expressing form, the sincerity of material, and deriving from<br>what could be found in the area of construction has spread throughout the world. In Mexico, an architect of<br>Polish descent, Abraham Zabludovsky, became an advocate of Brutalism and, along with Teodor Goznalez<br>de Leon, has created many buildings which are now iconic for the of Mexico city. Th is study aims to present<br>the case of Zabludovsky’s architectural concepts.</p> Elżbieta Żuławska-Sobczyk Copyright (c) 2019 2019-09-23 2019-09-23 38 125 140 10.36447/Estudios2018.v38.art7 Exotic animals from Europe or Africa among Native peoples in lowland South America Notes for further research http://estudios-latinoamericanos.pl/index.php/estudios/article/view/ES_38_8_Vander_Velden <p>This article aims to suggest a set of new directions for investigation of the processes related to the introduction, diffusion, adaptation, circulation, exploitation and use of animals of exotic origin among the Indigenous peoples in lowland South America, in order to achieve a broader comprehension of material and symbolic impacts of these beings in Amerindian cosmologies and social practices. From the collection of&nbsp; ethnological and historical information on these animals – chicken, oxen, horses, goats, pigs, dogs, cats, rabbits, rats, pigeons and others – in different Native peoples in South America, we seek to extract one (or several) alternative history (or histories) of these exotics, as well as to understand their processes of adoption and adaptation within the general outlines of an Amerindian thought, and how this configurates new cosmological features and social practices, new ways of zoological, zootechnical, and even veterinary knowledge, as well as singular constructions of domesticity, and other concepts that usually describe the relationships between humans and animals. Furthermore, it tries to unite lowland South American’s societies ethnology with anthropological research on humans and animals, two fields kept apart in the discussion, even though the centrality of animals in the indigenous cosmologies being absolutely undeniable.</p> Felipe Ferreira Vander Velden Copyright (c) 2019-09-23 2019-09-23 38 143 174 10.36447/Estudios2018.v38.art8 The Person and its Identity in the Amazon. Basic issues http://estudios-latinoamericanos.pl/index.php/estudios/article/view/ES_38_9_Kairski <p>El objetivo del artículo es el análisis de las nociones de Persona y de Tiempo entre los indígenas E’ñepá (Panare) de la Amazonía venezolana, relacionadas con todo un conjunto de nociones adicionales: la humanidad, la identidad de diferentes seres, la idea de lo que es conocido o familiar y desconocido o diferente, el parentesco y la afinidad, las formas humanas y animales, la dirección del flujo de tiempo, el orden y la sucesión de tiempo. Todas esas categorías tienen su carácter no material, siendo más bien procesos y relaciones que sustancias y esencias.</p> Mariusz Kairski Copyright (c) 2019 2019-09-25 2019-09-25 38 175 188 10.36447/Estudios2018.v38.art9 The Constitution of Mexico and The Archaeology of legal revolution http://estudios-latinoamericanos.pl/index.php/estudios/article/view/ES_38_10_Czarnecki <div dir="ltr"> <div id="gwp09d7e99c_gwp5195d5fa"> <div id="gwp09d7e99c_gwp5195d5fah"> <div class="gwp09d7e99c_gwp5195d5fab" data-message-body="true"> <div>This article analyses the legal acts and values that had shaped the constitution of Mexico. The current legal system is analised through a perspective of a number of legal revolutions. Those themes are the main references for this essay, which follows legal revolutions from the 11th century’s Papal Revolution, through the 16th and 17th centuries’ Protestant Revolution and English Revolution, concluding with the American Revolution and the French Revolution of the 18th century. The article proposes that the Mexican constitution was susceptible to ideas from the various legal revolutions, which coexist in Mexican constitution and therefore still influence the current legal system’s rules and solutions, such as the separation of powers, or the so-called writ of amparo, human rights system, and presidential system, which lay ground to the current regime.</div> </div> </div> </div> </div> Lukasz Czarnecki Copyright (c) 2019 2019-09-24 2019-09-24 38 191 206 10.36447/Estudios2018.v38.art10